|APUNTES EN ESPAÑOL|
-Para hablar de las cosas de María debes poner su nombre primero
Si hay otras palabras antes de "De" deben ponerse también
Si los poseedores son dos, sólo el último lleva apóstrofo.
Si los dueños son mas de uno (es decir en plural) y terminan en s ,el apóstrofo se queda solito.
|Si el plural no termina en s,se hace el genitivo sajón de la manera habitual.|
Algunos nombres propios que terminan en "S",Suelen añadir otra "S" después del apóstrofo. Aunque también es frecuente la otra forma con el apóstrofo sólo.
APUNTES EN INGLÉS
Forming the possessiveThe possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. 'Belonging to' or 'ownership' is one of the relationships it expresses :
- John owns a car. ('John' is the possessor or owner)
- It is John's car.
- America has some gold reserves. ('America' is the owner)
- They are America's gold reserves.
It can also express other relationships, for example:where someone works or studies or spends time:
a family relationship:
- John goes to this school. This is John's school.
- John sleeps in this room. This is John's room.
- John's mother
- The Queen's daughter
- John's patience.
- The politician's hypocrisy.
FormTo form the possessive, add 's ('apostrophe -s') to the noun.
If the noun is plural, or already ends in -s, just add:' (an apostrophe).
For names ending in -s:
In speaking we add the sound /z/ to the name, but in writing it is possible to use either 's or just '. The 's form is more common. e.g. Thomas's book, James's shop.
There are also some fixed expressions where the possessive form is used:
- The car of John = John's car.
- The room of the girls = The girls' room.
- Clothes for men = Men's clothes.
- The sister of Charles = Charles' sister.
- The boat of the sailors = The sailors' boat.
The possessive is also used to refer to shops, restaurants, churches and colleges, using the name or job title of the owner.
|Time expressions||Other expressions|
|a day's work||For God's sake!|
|a fortnight's holiday||a pound's worth of apples.|
|a month's pay||the water's edge|
|today's newspaper||a stone's throw away (= very near)|
|in a year's time||at death's door (= very ill)|
|in my mind's eye (= in my imagination)|
|the grocer's||the doctor's||the vet's|
|the newsagent's||the chemist's||Smith's|
|the dentist's||Tommy Tucker's||Luigi's|
|Saint Mary's||Saint James's|
- Shall we go to Luigi's for lunch?
- I've got an appointment at the dentist's at eleven o'clock.
- Is Saint Mary's an all-girls school?